Northeastern Planning Region (NERP) - Technical
Three European transport corridors pass through the territory
of Bulgaria (NEPR) and thus serve as a connection to central Asia and the
Black sea region. These are corridors N7 (Danube river), corridor N 8 (Duras–Skopie-Sofia-Burgas-Varna)
and N 9 (Helsinki-Kiev–Ruse -Alexandrupolis).
Water economy infrastructure
Port of Varna - including the ports of Varna West,Varna East and Port of Balchik. Distance between the port of Varna West and Port of Balchik is 70 km. Open air warehouses - 450000 square m?. Ship beds - 35 and 66 gears available (for loading/discharging operations).
Well developed railway and road network in proximity to Varna International Airport. Bulgaria is exporter of cement, clinker, soda ash.
Port of Balchik - built in 1969, the third biggest on the Black sea coast, can be operated ships with 5000-6000 tons displacement. Functions as an export oriented port.
Yacht port with 70 boat places.
The Danube river - unique natural resource with great significance for the national economy.
Port of Tutrakan - situated on the Danube river and suffices only local needs of the area. Possesses only 1 ship bed, 1 gear with loading/discharging capacity of 5 tons,open air warehouse area-2000 square m?, there are no indoor warehouse areas. Some main exploited group of cargoes-cereals, coals, inert materials.
Port of Silistra - operates as a passenger port and serves Silistra-Reni-Ismail-Silistra destination throughout the whole year.
Varna International Airport
is the second largest in Bulgaria (after Sofia Airport). Provides first-class
access to the city of Varna and the adjacent resorts. Also serves as a connection
to 35 countries in the world and 101 destinations but mainly through the tourist
season it is used to its full capacity.
The density of the republican road network on the area of NEPR
is 181.9 km/1000 square km?. The total density of 358.3 is also higher than
the national average and highest among the planning regions. The values for
Razgrad district and Targovishte district are the highest ( but bearing in mind
their smaller territories ). For the entire region the density of the municipal
road network (179.5) is higher than the national average (162).
Class “A” road “I”-2 Ruse-Varna crosses Varna, Razgrad and
Shumen districts and thus connects Danube river with the Black sea coast. Class
A road “I”-4 serves as a connection to the capital and the internal part of
the country. Class A road “I”-7 Silistra-Shumen-Yambol-Elhovo-Lesovo passes
through Silistra and Shumen districts. Class A road “I”-9 Durankulak-Varna-Burgas-Malko
Tarnovo (E-87 according to the European classification) passes by Varna and
Dobrich districts and serves as connection of eastern part of Romania with Turkey
to the south.
The region is serviced by two railway destinations: Sofia-Mezdra-G.Oryahovitsa-Kaspichan-Varna
and the other is Ruse-Kaspichan.
Railway destination Samuil-Silistra is the only railway that
services Silistra district without crossing the frontier.
Railway destination Povelyanovo-Dobrich-Kardam directly services
Dobrich district and acts as an international railway north-eastwards. It is
part of the destination Sofia-G.Oryahovitsa-Varna-Dobrich-Romania.
The city of Varna - main telecommunication terminal of the optic cross border
destination connecting Bulgaria with Turkey, Romania, Ukraine and the European
countries of BSFOCS. Digital communication network covers the territory of the
Water economy infrastructure
Share of water supplied population is 99.6% at 98.4% national
average. The relative share of the population living under water-rationing regime
is 14.7% at almost 22% national average.
Varna district - the population is 100% water supplied with only several municipalities
under water regime.
Dobrich district is 100% water supplied but is under water rationing regime with
the exception of municipality of Balchik.
Razgrad district - 100% water supplied population with the exception of municipality
of Razgrad where 94% is the relative share of water supply and 6% being under
Targovishte district- water supplied is almost the whole number of the population
with the exception of the municipality of Antonovo.
Shumen district- 100% water supplied population but under water rationing regime.
Sewerage systems and wastewater treatment plants: Relative share
of population serviced by public sewerage system - 63.1%, lower than the national
average (67.9).Relative share of population serviced by waste water treatment
plants-43.1% higher than the national average (38.1% ) and among the highest in
the country. 13 waste water treatment plants of all 55 constructed in Bulgaria
are to be found in Varna district while Dobrich district benefits from 5 waste
water treatment plants.
A transit energy infrastructure of the highest class is developed on the area
of the region forming an energy infrastructure corridor along the destination
Kardam-Dobrich-Devnya. There are no settlements without electricity within the
NEPR. Thermo-electric power station –Varna produces about 15% of the energy produced
by such power stations in Bulgaria.