Northeastern Planning Region (NERP) - Technical Infrastructure

Three European transport corridors pass through the territory of Bulgaria (NEPR) and thus serve as a connection to central Asia and the Black sea region. These are corridors N7 (Danube river), corridor N 8 (DurasSkopie-Sofia-Burgas-Varna) and N 9 (Helsinki-KievRuse -Alexandrupolis).

Ports
Airports
Road network

Raiway network
Communication infrastructure
Water economy infrastructure
Energy infrastructure

Ports

Port of Varna - including the ports of Varna West,Varna East and Port of Balchik. Distance between the port of Varna West and Port of Balchik is 70 km. Open air warehouses - 450000 square m?. Ship beds - 35 and 66 gears available (for loading/discharging operations). Well developed railway and road network in proximity to Varna International Airport. Bulgaria is exporter of cement, clinker, soda ash.

Port of Balchik - built in 1969, the third biggest on the Black sea coast, can be operated ships with 5000-6000 tons displacement. Functions as an export oriented port. Yacht port with 70 boat places.

The Danube river - unique natural resource with great significance for the national economy.

Port of Tutrakan - situated on the Danube river and suffices only local needs of the area. Possesses only 1 ship bed, 1 gear with loading/discharging capacity of 5 tons,open air warehouse area-2000 square m?, there are no indoor warehouse areas. Some main exploited group of cargoes-cereals, coals, inert materials.

Port of Silistra - operates as a passenger port and serves Silistra-Reni-Ismail-Silistra destination throughout the whole year.

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Airports

Varna International Airport
is the second largest in Bulgaria (after Sofia Airport). Provides first-class access to the city of Varna and the adjacent resorts. Also serves as a connection to 35 countries in the world and 101 destinations but mainly through the tourist season it is used to its full capacity.

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Road network

The density of the republican road network on the area of NEPR is 181.9 km/1000 square km?. The total density of 358.3 is also higher than the national average and highest among the planning regions. The values for Razgrad district and Targovishte district are the highest ( but bearing in mind their smaller territories ). For the entire region the density of the municipal road network (179.5) is higher than the national average (162).

Class A road I-2 Ruse-Varna crosses Varna, Razgrad and Shumen districts and thus connects Danube river with the Black sea coast. Class A road I-4 serves as a connection to the capital and the internal part of the country. Class A road I-7 Silistra-Shumen-Yambol-Elhovo-Lesovo passes through Silistra and Shumen districts. Class A road I-9 Durankulak-Varna-Burgas-Malko Tarnovo (E-87 according to the European classification) passes by Varna and Dobrich districts and serves as connection of eastern part of Romania with Turkey to the south.

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Raiway network

The region is serviced by two railway destinations: Sofia-Mezdra-G.Oryahovitsa-Kaspichan-Varna and the other is Ruse-Kaspichan.

Railway destination Samuil-Silistra is the only railway that services Silistra district without crossing the frontier.

Railway destination Povelyanovo-Dobrich-Kardam directly services Dobrich district and acts as an international railway north-eastwards. It is part of the destination Sofia-G.Oryahovitsa-Varna-Dobrich-Romania.

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Communication infrastructure

The city of Varna - main telecommunication terminal of the optic cross border destination connecting Bulgaria with Turkey, Romania, Ukraine and the European countries of BSFOCS. Digital communication network covers the territory of the whole NEPR.

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Water economy infrastructure

Share of water supplied population is 99.6% at 98.4% national average. The relative share of the population living under water-rationing regime is 14.7% at almost 22% national average.
Varna district - the population is 100% water supplied with only several municipalities under water regime.
Dobrich district is 100% water supplied but is under water rationing regime with the exception of municipality of Balchik.
Razgrad district - 100% water supplied population with the exception of municipality of Razgrad where 94% is the relative share of water supply and 6% being under water-rationing regime.
Targovishte district- water supplied is almost the whole number of the population with the exception of the municipality of Antonovo.
Shumen district- 100% water supplied population but under water rationing regime.

Sewerage systems and wastewater treatment plants: Relative share of population serviced by public sewerage system - 63.1%, lower than the national average (67.9).Relative share of population serviced by waste water treatment plants-43.1% higher than the national average (38.1% ) and among the highest in the country. 13 waste water treatment plants of all 55 constructed in Bulgaria are to be found in Varna district while Dobrich district benefits from 5 waste water treatment plants.

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Energy infrastructure

A transit energy infrastructure of the highest class is developed on the area of the region forming an energy infrastructure corridor along the destination Kardam-Dobrich-Devnya. There are no settlements without electricity within the NEPR. Thermo-electric power station Varna produces about 15% of the energy produced by such power stations in Bulgaria.

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