Main Branches -> Agriculture

General characteristics
Priorities in the development of agriculture and livestock breeding
Utilized agricultural land by category
Cultivated land by group of crops
Cropped areas and average yields
Structure of registered agricultural producers
Number of livestock in the District of Varna
Financed agricultural producers

General characteristics:

Varna district enjoys favourable soil and climatic conditions for cultivation of grain crops, permanent crops and vegetables.
The agro-climatic conditions enable high yields from the fodder crops, for feeding the milk cattle while the cereal production furthers the development of pig-breeding and poultry raising.

Plant-growing predominates in agriculture and the cereal production forms 60-70% of the total production. The municipality of Valchi Dol can boast of the highest average yield of wheat – 360 kg/dekare (dka) extracted from 138170 dka of harvested area, followed by the municipality of Provadia – 350 kg/dka from 100240 dka and the municipality of Aksakovo – 330 kg/dka from 82157 dka.

The specific soil and climatic conditions, sloping terrains, airy areas and the national traditions are prerequisites for growing of wine and desert sorts of grapes. The vineyards of Varna district cover 41669 dka, out of which 94% are wine vineyards and 6% - dessert grapes. The prevailing sorts in the structure of vineyards are Chardonnay, Dimyat, Rkaciteli, Juni-Blan, etc. There is a increasing interest in cultivation of new vineyards, shown by both smaller wine-growers and bigger investors.

The vegetable-growing is concentrated along the valley of the river Kamchia and, generally, in private farms of the native residents. Early and mid-early vegetables, such as potatoes, tomatoes, green peppers, cabbage, onion, etc. are grown in the areas under irrigation. The hothouse growing of vegetables is widely practiced in the area, especially in the municipalities of Aksakovo, Vetrino and Avren. The glass hothouses covering an area of 430 dka provide fresh vegetables all the year round.

The fruit-culture is represented mainly by apples, plums, peaches and apricots. The share of pears is small; growing of raspberries is also limited.

The areas under irrigation in the district occupy 214 765 dka. They are provided with an intra-canal system, 72 irrigation stations and 32 draw-wells.

Other alternative activities, which have been developed in the rural areas, are: horse-breeding, craftsmanship, fish-farming, growing of oleaginous crops, herbs, mushrooms, etc. As the interest in ostrich meat and ostrich leather is increasing on the market, the farms in the villages of Banovo, Kipra and Bolyartsi have started to breed ostriches.

Priorities in the development of agriculture and livestock breeding:


Utilized agricultural land by category in 2002


Cultivated land by group of crops in 2002


Cropped areas and average yields


Structure of registered agricultural producers in the district of Varna in 2002


Number of livestock in the district of Varna


Financed agricultural producers

For the year 2002/2003, agricultural producers with 35 projects amounting to 950 000 BGN (including 24 re-financed projects, amounting to 764 339 BGN) have applied for the investment lines of State Fund “Agriculture”.

As per SAPARD program, 53 projects to the total amount of 37 969 100 BGN have been submitted to the District Directorate of State Fund “Agriculture”, which sent them to the Central Office of State Fund “Agriculture”. 43 of them amounting to 32 946 136 BGN have been approved, including: 20 for agricultural machinery, 3 for livestock breeding equipment, 3 for growing of permanent crops – vineyards, 3 for meat-processing, 2 for silos, 3 for rural tourism, 1 for equipment in greenhouses, 3 for fish-processing, 1 for mushroom production, 1 for wine-processing, 1 for fishing and 2 for grain-dryers.

Approved projects by years:
2001 4 projects amounting to 2 805 506 BGN
2002 13 projects amounting to 6 956 808 BGN
2003 26 projects amounting to 23 183 822 BGN

       Establishments, refinanced according to SAPARD: